WOMEN IN THE WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT

Teachers: 
PAGNOTTA FAUSTO
Credits: 
6
Site: 
PARMA
Year of erogation: 
2019/2020
Unit Coordinator: 
PAGNOTTA FAUSTO
Disciplinary Sector: 
History of Political Doctrines
Semester: 
Second semester
Language of instruction: 

Italian

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Respect to knowledge and understanding (Descriptor 1 = knowledge and
understanding), at the end of the course the student
must have acquired the fundamental historical knowledge on the cultural and political origins of gender discrimination and on some of the ideas that have connoted the figure of women within the history of Western political thought.
The student must have achieved full knowledge
stereotypes on the female figure that are at the origins of gender discrimination and political ideas through which the female figure has been characterized in the history of Western political thought. The student must have gained knowledge of some of the texts of those authors and
those authors who were among the first to develop a political thought on women's emancipation.

With respect to knowledge and ability to
applied understanding (Descriptor 2 = applying
knowledge and understanding), the student
through an educational path marked on
Lesson method / Socratic heuristic must have acquired the ability to understand and analyze the topics of the lessons. With this ability the student will have to demonstrate that he is able to elaborate his own critical thinking on the topics exposed in class.

With respect to independent judgment (Descriptor 3 =
making judgments) the students
must have acquired at the end of the course the ability to analyze the subjects learned in class in order to know how to relate to them critically.

With respect to communication skills (Descriptor 4 = communication skills) through the methods of
method of the heuristic / Socratic lesson the student must acquire a satisfactory property
expressive both at the terminological and conceptual level.
The student will have to learn to expose the topics of the lesson with autonomy.

Respect to the ability to learn (Descriptor 5
= learning skills) students will have acquired those bibliographic and linguistic-lexical tools as well
conceptual that will allow them to independently develop a critical reflection on the problems dealt with in teaching. The student must also have acquired the ability to
to develop an autonomous thinking based on teaching topics and to express it to the teacher and colleagues.

Prerequisites

No

Course contents summary

The course intends to go to the cultural origins of political conceptions that have disqualified the female gender.
The course will explain some of the political ideas that have allowed the emancipation of women.
Some selected writings by classical authors of Western political thought and the pioneers of female emancipation (Christine de Pizan, Olympe de Gouges, Mary Wollstonecraft, Harriet Taylor, Sarah M. Grimké, Anna Maria Mozzoni) will be read and commented.
We will analyze some data on discrimination and gender inequalities in the contemporary world.

The course will host the seminar of 5 lessons dedicated to the theme of women and rights: perspectives between research and territory.

Course contents

The conception of women in the Greek and Roman world with particular attention to:
- The matriarchy between myth and historical reality;
- The Mother Goddess in the Mediterranean culture;
- The woman in the Homeric poems;
- Plato and Socrates;
- Aristotle;
- Medical theories on the female body;
- Meanings of female homosexuality;
- Forms of exclusion of women in the Greek city;
- The woman in Roman culture;
- The role in the Roman family;
- The woman in front of the pater familias;
- Elements of female emancipation in Roman culture.
- The representation of women according to classical authors of the History of political thought such as: Rousseau, Tocqueville, Condorcet, Fichte, Kant, Hegel, Mazzini, Mill, Marx;
- reading of selected passages from the works of Olympe de Gouges, Mary Wollstonecraft, Harriet Taylor, Sarah M. Grimké, Anna Maria Mozzoni.

Recommended readings

Books for attending students:

- E. Cantarella, L'ambiguo malanno. Condizione e immagine della donna nell'antichità greca e romana,
Milano, Feltrinelli, 2016;
- M.P. Paternò, Donne e diritti. Percorsi della politica dal Seicento ad oggi, Roma, Carocci, 2012;
- S.M. Grimké, Poco meno degli angeli. Lettere sull'uguaglianza dei sessi, a cura di T. Casadei, Roma, Castelvecchi, 2016.

One of these books:

- C. de Pizan, La città delle dame, Carocci,Roma, 2017.
- M. Wollstonecraft, Sui diritti delle donne, Massa, Edizioni Clandestine, 2018;
- H. Taylor, La liberazione delle donne, a cura di A. Giordano, Genova, il melangolo, 2012;
- G. Simmel, Cultura femminile, a cura di L. Perucchi, Mimesis Edizioni, Milano, 2016;
- S. Vantin, Il diritto di pensare con la propria testa, Aracne, Roma, 2018.

Books for non-attending students:

- E. Cantarella, L'ambiguo malanno, Milano, Feltrinelli, 2016;
- M.P. Paternò, Donne e diritti, Roma, Carocci, 2012;
- S.M. Grimké, Poco meno degli angeli. Lettere sull'uguaglianza dei sessi, a cura di T. Casadei, Roma, Castelvecchi, 2016;
- H. Taylor, La liberazione delle donne, a cura di A. Giordano, Genova, il melangolo, 2012.

One of these books:

- C. de Pizan, La città delle dame, Carocci,Roma, 2017;
- M. Wollstonecraft, Sui diritti delle donne, Massa, Edizioni Clandestine, 2018;
- G. Simmel, Cultura femminile, a cura di L. Perucchi, Mimesis Edizioni, Milano, 2016;
- S. Vantin, Il diritto di pensare con la propria testa, Aracne, Roma, 2018.

Teaching methods

The teaching activities will be conducted through the method of the frontal lesson /presentation and the method of the lesson Heuristic/ Socratic; a sequential type of expositive teaching (with steps of knowledge) will be alternated with a hypothetical or heuristic teaching based on questions/ stimulus. This mode of teaching aims to promote in the students the autonomous research of meaning on the topics of the frontal lessons. With the use of the Simulation/Role playing and Cooperative Learning methods, we will try to involve the students actively in the construction of the lesson.

Assessment methods and criteria

Exam test for attending students:

The exam is made up of 6 open questions: three about the contents of the lectures and three about the contents of the reference books.

Exam for non-attending students; 6 questions about these books:

E. Cantarella, L'ambiguo malanno,
Milano, Feltrinelli, 2016;
M.P. Paternò, Donne e diritti, Roma, Carocci, 2012;
S.M. Grimké, Poco meno degli angeli. Lettere sull'uguaglianza dei sessi, a cura di T. Casadei, Roma, Castelvecchi, 2016;
S. Vantin, Il diritto di pensare con la propria testa, Aracne, Roma, 2018;
M. Wollstonecraft, Sui diritti delle donne, Massa, Edizioni Clandestine, 2018.

Rating scale
(0-30).
Evaluation weights and criteria: the written test is sufficient if the student has satisfactorily answered at least 4 of the foreseen questions.

Other informations

No